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UK Coaching Team
Safety and Welfare Self-care and development

Introducing How Coaches Can Identify and Manage Stress

In the first part of a series, Lecturer at Leeds Beckett University Alexandra Potts builds on the Stress Model series, considering how coaches act and react to stress

Building on our guide to Understanding the Stress Model, there are four types of appraisals that a coach may use when they assess a stressful situation.

An appraisal is essentially an evaluation of a situation that an individual has deemed stressful. It is an important part in determining the outcome of a stressful situation and can impact how an individual thinks and feels, with a particularly strong impact on their well-being. An individual’s beliefs, values, and/or goals can also influence this evaluation.

The process of appraising and evaluating a situation is a complex process that is often largely unconscious. This means we are often unaware of our appraisals of situations.

This makes it a challenge for individuals, particularly coaches (and athletes), to be aware of and acknowledge their appraisals of situations.

As such, it is important to seek out opportunities to explore how you can be more consciously aware of your appraisals and work with fellow coaches and Coach Developers to make more favourable appraisals.

This is an important factor in improving personal well-being.

There are four main types of appraisals:

  • Benefit.
  • Challenge.
  • Harm.
  • Threat.

Typically, the benefit and challenge appraisals are a more positive evaluation of a situation, whereas harm and threat appraisals are a more negative evaluation of a situation.

Throughout this series, we will explore each appraisal, provide examples of where you, as a coach, might experience these appraisals, explore which of these appraisals you have used, and highlight the impact and importance of these appraisals on well-being.

By improving your knowledge of this area, you will be taking an important step towards improving your participants’ performance and your own.

More on Stress

The second part of this series explores the positive appraisals of challenge and benefit in stressful situations


Related Resources

  • Self-Regulation: ‘The Bedrock of Healthy Psychological Functioning’

  • Sport Psychology Toolkit

  • Psychology Shorts: The Importance of Emotions


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UK Coaching Team