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UK Coaching Team
Talent and Performance Developing Mindsets

How to Maximise Preparation with Pre-Performance Routines

In the eighth of a series of eight resources, Performance Psychology Consultant Philippa McGregor discusses how pre-performance routines can enhance an athlete’s performance in competition and strategies for achieving a positive result

Moran (1996) defined pre-performance routines (PPR) as "a sequence of task-relevant thoughts and actions which an athlete engages in systematically prior to his or her performance of a specific sports skill." Utilising both thoughts and actions helps to maximise the benefits of PPRs (Boutcher, 1992). 

The purpose of a PPR has been suggested to place performers in an optimal emotional, high self-expectant, confident, and focused state immediately prior to the execution of their performance (Singer, 2002). Employing PPR has been regarded as a means of enhancing both the level and consistency of performance outcomes in sport (Cotterill, 2010).

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