We use cookies to give you the best experience and to help improve our website. By using our website you are accepting our cookies.  Learn More

UK Coaching Team
Safety and Welfare

The ‘Four Rs’ of Safeguarding Adults

UK Coaching has worked with the Ann Craft Trust to recommend coaches and providers of sport and physical activity follow this essential four-step process to safeguarding adults

If you can remember and implement these 'Four Rs' you can be confident you will be supporting an adult who may have safeguarding needs in the appropriate manner.

  1. RECOGNISE: Recognise that you have a concern, or someone has made a disclosure to you.
  2. RESPOND: Reassure the individual, ask what they would like to happen and let them know what action you will need to take.
  1. REFER: Pass the concerns on by contacting your Safeguarding Lead, Governing Body of Sport Lead or local Adult Social Care Team.
  2. RECORD: What have you seen, heard or been told? Ensure you record these as soon as possible.

The Care Act 2014 sets out a clear legal framework for safeguarding adults.

The Act places a statutory duty on all those working with adults at risk of experiencing abuse or neglect. It asserts that safeguarding is everybody’s business and that community settings such as sports or activity clubs need to play their part in recognising and responding to concerns. 

The Act sets out the following six principles that should underpin safeguarding of adults.

Empowerment – Support and encourage people to make their own decisions and give informed consent regarding their care.

Prevention – It is better to take action before harm occurs.

Proportionality – The least intrusive response appropriate to the risk presented.

Protection – Support and representation for those in greatest need.

Partnership – Local solutions through services working with their communities. Communities have a part to play in preventing, detecting and reporting neglect and abuse.

Accountability – Accountability and transparency in delivering safeguarding.


Safeguarding Adults series

UK Coaching Duty to Care Digital Badge

Earn our free nationally recognised Digital Badge by demonstrating your thorough knowledge of the five pillars of Duty to Care (Safeguarding, Diversity, Inclusion, Mental Health, Well-being)

Find out more

Related Resources

  • The Coach who Saved my Life

  • Safeguarding and Protecting Children in Sport: Then and Now

  • What the Duty of Care in Sport Review means for UK Coaching


Unlock the secrets of #GreatCoaching


Join our exclusive UK Coaching Club to enjoy 12 months' unlimited access to industry-leading resources, member benefits and offers that will help you transform your coaching.

UK Coaching Team