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UK Coaching Team
Improving Physical Ability

Applying Physical Well-being to Your Coaching

In this recording of a Time2Learn session, Physiologist and Health Assessment Expert Oliver Patrick explores the topic of physical well-being, including key practical strategies to help you apply its principles to your coaching

This recorded webinar covers the illness–wellness continuum and the five domains of physical well-being.

At [06:25] in the recording, Oli discusses the illness–wellness continuum that highlights how an individual can move along and through premature death, disease, poor health, neutral state, good health, and optimal health stages to get to high-level wellness.

The World Health Organisation describes good health as "a complete state of physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

The five domains of physical well-being

At [10:06] in the recording, Oli explores the five domains of physical well-being, which are:

  • movement
  • nourishment
  • recovery
  • environment
  • mindset.


  • Every system of biology in human health and performance benefits from movement, and the exercise-induced preservation of systems of movement during ageing.
  • University of Georgia researchers found that inactive individuals who normally complained of fatigue could increase energy by 20% while decreasing fatigue by as much as 65% by simply participating in regular, low-intensity exercise.


What will you do to move more?



Humans have evolved alongside our environment, not despite it. We require nutrients at minimum dosages for core functioning.

  • Nourishment: the provision of key nutrients for biological processes.
  • Energy: the provision of fuel as a mechanism for combustion.
  • Metabolism: the correct dosage of high-energy fuels, offset against the energy expenditure/pattern of the individual.
  • Gut: the role of food supporting the ‘microbiome’/gut bacteria that are integral to human health.


What will you do to improve nourishment?



All key well-being, health and performance metrics are directly affected by a lack of sleep, rest, and recovery.

Recovery must come in the form of:

  • adequate sleep and rest
  • ability to balance autonomic nervous system activity (time spent in energy restoration)
  • ability to reduce unwanted inflammatory processes.


What will you do to recover better?


The role of mindset is well established in sports performance but managing thoughts and thought patterns is a key piece of physical well-being.


  • The more we experience positive emotions, the more our brain releases happy hormones.
  • Positive mindset practices such as mindfulness and compassion towards self can contribute to overall well-being.
  • A positive mindset can support engaging in regular exercise and maintaining a balanced diet.


What will you do to develop your mindset?


Physical well-being is not only driven by the actions we take but also by the environment in which we find ourselves.

Your environment can affect you, including your skin and general health, in different ways.


  • Exposure to nature and natural elements such as natural light, sunlight, and fresh air positively improves your physical health, mental health, and overall well-being.
  • Safe and secure environments contribute to lower stress levels and promote a sense of calm, control, and security.


What will you do to affect your environment for the better?



Extend the basic question beyond asking how someone ‘feels.’ Examples include:

  • ‘I see you giving a lot out here Paul, how are you doing in looking after your energy?’
  • ‘Have you taken any thoughts to some simple things that might bring you more energy?’
  • ‘Let’s see if we can pinpoint any areas for a big energy win and I have no doubt that will help with your performance also.’

Related Resources

  • A Guide to Physical Well-being

  • Guide to Understanding Lifestyle, Health, and Well-being

  • A Guide to Mental Health and Well-being


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UK Coaching Team